身份证号各位数字都代表什么意思

2010年12月17日 其他资源 20条评论 阅读9489次
  我们每个公民都有自己的身份证号,很多情况下我们都要记住身份证号,很多人因为不知道自己的身份证号各位数字各代表了什么意思,所以记住这号码也不是个轻松的事了。我国现用的18位身份证标准在国家质量技术监督局于1999年7月1日实施的GB11643-1999《公民身份号码》中做了明确的规定。GB11643-1999《公民身份号码》为GB11643-1989《社会保障号码》的修订版,其中指出将原标准名称"社会保障号码"更名为"公民身份号码",另外GB11643-1999《公民身份号码》从实施之日起代替GB11643-1989。GB11643-1999《公民身份号码》主要内容如下:


  号码的结构和表示形式
  1、号码的结构
  公民身份号码是特征组合码,由十七位数字本体码和一位校验码组成。排列顺序从左至右依次为:六位数字地址码,八位数字出生日期码,三位数字顺序码和一位数字校验码。
  2、地址码
  表示编码对象常住户口所在县(市、旗、区)的行政区划代码,按GB/T2260的规定执行。
  3、出生日期码
  表示编码对象出生的年、月、日,按GB/T7408的规定执行,年、月、日代码之间不用分隔符。
  4、顺序码
  表示在同一地址码所标识的区域范围内,对同年、同月、同日出生的人编定的顺序号,顺序码的奇数分配给男性,偶数分配给女性。
  5、校验码
  (1)十七位数字本体码加权求和公式
  S=Sum(Ai*Wi),i=0,...,16,先对前17位数字的权求和
  Ai:表示第i位置上的身份证号码数字值
  Wi:表示第i位置上的加权因子
  Wi:7910584216379105842
  (2)计算模
  Y=mod(S,11)
  (3)通过模得到对应的校验码
  Y:012345678910
  校验码:10X98765432
  四、举例如下:
  北京市朝阳区:11010519491231002X
  广东省汕头市:440524188001010014
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